Caesar's legions gaius julius caesar (13 july 100 - 15 march 44 bce), roman statesman, general, author, famous for the conquest of gaul (modern france and belgium) and his subsequent coup d'état he changed the roman republic into a monarchy and laid the foundations of a truly mediterranean empire.
Gaius julius caesar was born 12 july 100 bce (though some cite 102 as his birth year) his father, also gaius julius caesar, was a praetor who governed the province of asia and his mother, aurelia cotta, was of noble birth. The gallic desertion became widespread caesar’s forces were now stretched thin and over extended caesar assembled all forces (10 legions) into a field army to confront vercingitorix, who at bibracte was universally proclaimed king of the gauls vercingetorix with 80,000 selected alesia as his main base caesar chose to assault him there. Caesar entered four legions which he was given when he started the gallic wars four legions have about 6,000 men in each (excluding auxilia) which makes for about 24,000 men now keep in mind that roman legionaries at this time had fairly recently changed over to the cohort system. Julius caesar’s gallic wars had been raging for over five years when his legions faced their greatest test at the double siege of alesia, a ferocious and monumental battle that was so great in numbers, logistics, and daring that it still has few rivals in european warfare to this day.
The gallic wars by julius caesar, part of the internet classics archive one of whom, as soon as the arrival of caesar and his legions was known, came to him assures him that he and all his party would continue in their allegiance, the other for their late service in the gallic war,.
The gallic wars, waged between the gallic tribes living in present-day france and belgium and the roman legions under julius caesar, took place between the years 58 bc to 50 bc these wars are what ultimately gave caesar the upper hand over the senate and his former political ally pompey the great, leading in turn to a civil war the outcome of which made caesar “dictator in perpetuity” over the entire roman republic. Caesar and his legions the gallic wars matthew brown com/150 professor charles nelson 3/3/2012 throughout history, few names have been able to stand the test of time.
Caesar left two legions to guard his baggage and led the remainder against the main gallic army, for he did not want the gauls to believe he would not protect his allies the romans captured one town, which contained some food stores and, just as important, sufficient pack animals to transport it. The gallic wars are described by julius caesar in his book commentarii de bello gallico, which remains the most important historical source regarding the conflict it is estimated that when julius caesar returned from his conquest in gaul, he brought back a million slaves. Caesar sends back fabius with his legion to his winter-quarters he himself determines to winter with three legions near samarobriva in three different quarters, and, because such great commotions had arisen in gaul, he resolved to remain during the whole winter with the army himself. Vercingetorix, which roughly translates as great warrior king, was a chieftain of the gallic arverni against a backdrop of increasing anti-roman sentiment in gaul, he led his tribe and others in rebellion against caesar’s legions in 52bc.
Caesar mentions eleven legions specifically in his commentaries on the gallic campaigns, namely: the first, sixth, and seventh to fifteenth legions suetonius provides another legion, the fifth, which he says caesar specifically raised for the battles in gaul. The gallic wars are described by julius caesar in his book commentarii de bello gallico, which remains the most important historical source regarding the conflict  it is estimated that when julius caesar returned from his conquest in gaul, he brought back a million slaves.
Caesar placed the legions in front of the camp in case of a sortie by the enemy infantry and got his germanic allies to pursue the gallic cavalry  vercingetorix sent the cavalry around gaul to call the gallic tribes to war and come to alesia.