According to the tradition, athens was founded, when the king theseus united in a state several settlements of attica the last king of ancient athens was kodros, who sacrificed his life in order to save the homeland later came to power the nobles (wealthy landowners.
The people of athens choose athena as their protector and so the city was named after the goddess of wisdom the myth is symbolic but the two gods symbolising the strength of athens as a city of wisdom and as a sea power the first settlement of athens 3000 bc was situated on the rock of acropolis. The spartan kings were cautious and decided to avoid conflict with athens at that time however, the thirty years peace was under increasing strain in the spartan assembly, they were growing alarmed at the growth of athenian power as athens seemed to be growing more powerful, there was a growing pro-war party in sparta. History of athens jump to navigation jump to search the acropolis of athens by leo von greek city state obsolete athens remained a wealthy city with a brilliant cultural life, but ceased to be a leading power hellenistic athens this section needs expansion you can help.
Worried by the growing power of athens, the other principal forces in the region, sparta, thebes and corinth along with their smaller allies, formed their own league known as the peloponnesian league to balance against athens. Writing and history blog all topics related to history menu skip to content home about history topics as a basic overview, i will provide a broad explanation for the conflict and a description of the players involved worried by the growing power of athens, the other principal forces in the region, sparta, thebes and. Athens ceased to be an important political center, but was home to important philosophical schools the roman period in greece: 31 bc - ad 323 the growing power of rome eventually surpassed and engulfed the hellenistic kingdoms. Rivalry between athens and sparta for power in greece which group resented athens' growing power after winning the second persian war only sparta and members of the peloponnesian league.
View notes - greek_philosophers from history world hist at exeter high school socrates history the growing power of athens had frightened other greek states for years before the peloponnesian war. Socrates history the growing power of athens had frightened other greek states for years before the peloponnesian war broke out in 431 bce during the war, pericles died in the plague of athens (429 bce) fortunes of war varied until a truce was made in 421 bce, but this was never very stable and in 415 bce athens was persuaded by alcibiades, a pupil of the athenian teacher, socrates, to send. Athens began as a small, mycenaen community and grew to become a city that, at its height, epitomized the best of greek virtues and enjoyed such prestige that the spartans refused to sack the city or enslave the citizens, even after athens' defeat in the peloponnesian war this set a model that would be followed by future conquerors who would defeat athens but not destroy it.
Even so, under pericles, athens entered her golden age and great thinkers, writers, and artists flourished in the city herodotus, the `father of history', lived and wrote in athens socrates, the `father of philosophy', taught in the marketplace hippocrates, `the father of medicine', practiced there.
The history of aragonese athens, called cetines (rarely athenes) by the conquerors, is obscure athens was a veguería with its own castellan , captain, and veguer at some point during the aragonese period, the acropolis was further fortified and the athenian archdiocese received an extra two suffragan sees.
The twenty-seven year peloponnesian war began in 431 bc signifying the symbolic, if not official, end of the “golden age” of peace and cultural advancement of the hellenic period which existed from the advent of democracy in athens in 507 bc to the death of alexander the great in 323 bc the greek city-states of athens and sparta were the central warring factions of the peloponnesian war with the former holding great naval power and the latter the leading army and an authoritarian regime. Solon, though an aristocrat himself, created a series of laws which equalized the political power of the citizenry and, in so doing, laid the groundwork for democracy in athens in 594 bce.