Defenders of slavery argued that slavery had existed throughout history and was the natural state of mankind the greeks had slaves, the romans had slaves, and the english had slavery until very recently defenders of slavery noted that in the bible, abraham had slaves.
Slaves in the antebellum south constituted about one-third of the southern population most slaves lived on large plantations or small farms many masters owned fewer than 50 slaves slave owners sought to make their slaves completely dependent on them, and a system of restrictive codes governed life among slaves.
Spain, france, and england eventually explored and claimed parts of what is now the southern united states, and the cultural influences of each can still be seen in the region today in the centuries since, the history of the southern united states has recorded a large number of important events, including the american revolution , the american civil war , the ending of slavery , and the american civil rights movement.
Slaves worked at all sorts of jobs throughout the slaveholding south, but the majority were field hands on relatively large plantations men, women, and children served as field hands the owner decided when slave children would go into the fields, usually between the ages of 10 and 12.
Although most southerners owned no slaves at all, by 1860 the south’s “peculiar institution” was inextricably tied to the region’s economy torn between the economic benefits of slavery and the moral and constitutional issues it raised, white southerners grew more and more defensive of the institution.